Book, articles in scientific journals, Internet articles archived in the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (German National Library), more Internet contributions, contributions to conferences; lectures, and other contributions, TV documentaries



Kord Ernstson (2010): Der Chiemgau-Impakt. Ein bayerisches Meteoritenkraterfeld. 80 S. (Chiemgau Impakt e.V.). [Kord Ernstson (2010): The Chiemgau Impact. A Bavarian Meteorite Crater Strewn Field. 80 pp (Chiemgau Impakt e.V.), in German.]

Online order here



Articles in scientific journals

I. Liritzis, N. Zacharias, G.S. Polymeris, G. Kitis, K. Ernstson, D. Sudhaus, A. Neumair, W. Mayer, M.A. Rappenglück, B. Rappenglück: THE CHIEMGAU METEORITE IMPACT AND TSUNAMI EVENT (SOUTHEAST GERMANY): FIRST OSL DATING. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 17‐33.


Barbara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Andreas Neumair, Dirk Sudhaus and Ioannis Liritzis (2011):  Reply to Doppler et al. ‘Response to “The fall of Phaethon: a Greco-Roman geomyth preserves the memory of a meteorite impact in Bavaria (south-east Germany) (Antiquity 84)”’. – Antiquity, 85, 278-280.


Barbara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Andreas Neumair, Dirk Sudhaus & Ioannis Liritzis (2010): The fall of Phaethon: a Greco-Roman geomyth preserves the memory of a meteorite impact in Bavaria (south-east Germany). – Antiquity, 84, 428-439.

Editor’s abstract. – Arguing from a critical reading of the text, and scientific evidence on the ground, the authors show that the myth of Phaethon – the delinquent celestial charioteer – remembers the impact of a massive meteorite that hit the Chiemgau region in Bavaria between 2000 and 428 BC.


Ernstson, K., Mayer, W., Neumair, A., Rappenglück, B., Rappenglück, M.A., Sudhaus, D. and Zeller, K.W. (2010): The Chiemgau crater strewn field: evidence of a Holocene large impact in southeast Bavaria, Germany. – Journal of Siberian Federal University. Engineering & Technologies 1 (2010 3) 72-103.


Rappenglück, B., Ernstson, K., Mayer, W., Neumair, A. Rappenglück, M.A., Sudhaus, D., and Zeller, K.W.: The Chiemgau impact: An extraordinary case study for the question of Holocene meteorite impacts and their cultural implications. – In: Belmonte, J. A. (ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 16th 2008 “Cosmology across Cultures. Impact of the Study of the Universe in Human Thinking”, Granada September 8-12, 2008, A.S.P. Conf. Ser., 2009.

Abstract. – Did in the Holocene meteorite impacts of a size capable to affect human cultures happen at all and – if the answer is “yes” – which cultural implications did they have? Since a few years this question is fiercely and controversially discussed. The Chiemgau meteorite impact event may provide an important contribution to the discussion. This event stroke south-east Germany very probably in the 1st millenium BC and left a field of about 80 craters. In comparison to other Holocene impacts it provides extraordinary data by the extension of its crater field, the size of the biggest crater, the variety of secondary effects, the direct embedding of the impact layer in an archaeological stratigraphy, and the comparably good dating. The recently known data are introduced and discussed with regard to the question of cultural effects of Holocene impacts.


Barbara and Michael Rappenglück (2006): Does the myth of Phaethon reflect an impact? – Revising the fall of Phaethon and considering a possible relation to the Chiemgau Impact.

– Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 14th 2006, “Ancient watching of cosmic space and observation of astronomical phenomena”, Vol. 6, No. 3 (2006), 101-109.

Abstract. – In Greek mythology there exists one story that has repeatedly been interpreted to describe the fall of a celestial body: the story of Phaethon, who undertakes a disastrous drive with the sun-chariot of his father Helios. First, the article presents the arguments given by ancient authors for interpreting this story as the reflection of a natural phenomenon. Then details given in the old descriptions of Phaethon’s fall are compared with nowadays knowledge of impact phenomena. Furthermore the texts are examined for clues to the time and the location of the hypothesised impact. These considerations substantiate the suggestion that the myth of Phaethon reflects a concrete strike of a meteorite, the so-called Chiemgau Impact. That impact struck the south-east of Bavaria/Germany at some time during the Celtic period and left an extended crater-strewnfield of about 100 craters. A conspicuous intersection between the tradition of the Phaethon-story and the up to now known time-frame for the Chiemgau Impact gives new clues for dating the Chiemgau Impact to the time between 600 and 428 BC.


Internet articles filed by the German National Library:

Kord Ernstson, Michael Hiltl, Frank Bauer, Andreas Neumair and Michael A. Rappenglück (2010): Short-term coalification: a new impact-related process?
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051630

Andreas Neumair, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer, Barabara Rappenglück, Michael A. Rappenglück and Dirk Sudhaus (2010): Characteristics of a Holocene impact layer in an archeological site in SE-Bavaria, Germany.
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051627

Kord Ernstson (2008): Regmaglypten auf Kalksteingeröllen: Hinweis auf Karbonatschmelze im Chiemgau-Impakt. [Regmaglypts on limestone cobbles: indication of carbonate melt in the Chiemgau impact event.]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515131

Till Ernstson (2007): A peculiar prehistoric artifact in the Tüttensee impact ejecta (“Bunte Breccia”; Chiemgau Holocene impact event.
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010052198

Kord Ernstson (2006): Neue Belege für den meteoritischen Ursprung des Tüttensees: Ein Impakthorizont in Schürfen bei Mühlbach.
[The meteorite origin for the Lake Tüttensee crater strengthened: An impact layer in excavation pits at Mühlbach.]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051604

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2006): The Holocene Tüttensee meteorite impact crater in southeast Germany.
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515163

Kord Ernstson (2006): Schock-Effekte (Schockmetamorphose) in Gesteinen aus dem Impakthorizont am Tüttensee (Ejekta, Bunte Breccie). [Shock effects (shock metamorphism) in rocks from the impact layer at Lake Tüttensee (ejecta, multi-colored breccia).]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515141

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2006): Der holozäne Tüttensee-Meteoritenkrater in Südostdeutschland.
[The Holocene Lake Tüttensee meteorite crater in southeast Germany.]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515121

CIRT (Chiemgau Impact Research Team) (2005): Kommentar zu “Der Tüttensee im Chiemgau – Toteiskessel statt Impaktkrater; von Gerhard Doppler und Erwin Geiss (Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt)”.
[Comment on “The Chiemgau Lake Tüttensee – dead ice kettle hole instead of impact crater; by Gerhard Doppler and Erwin Geiss (Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt).]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100515150

Kord Ernstson (2005): Gravimetrische Untersuchungen bei Grabenstätt: Anzeichen für einen Impaktursprung des Tüttensee-Kraters (Chiemgau-Impakt) erhärtet.
[A gravity survey near Grabenstätt: Impact origin for the Lake Tüttensee crater (Chiemgau impact) strengthened.]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-2010051611

Uli Schüssler (2005): Petrographie und Geochemie von mechanisch und thermisch geschockten Geröllen aus dem nördlichen Bereich des Chiemgau-Impaktareals. [Petrographic and geochemical analyses of mechanically and thermally shocked cobbles from the northern area of the Chiemgau impact strewn field.]
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201005228993

M. A. Rappenglück, K. Ernstson, W. Mayer, R. Beer, G. Benske, C. Siegl, R. Sporn, T. Bliemetsrieder & U. Schüssler (2004): The Chiemgau impact event in the Celtic Period: evidence of a crater strewnfield and a cometary impactor containing presolar matter.
URN-Identification: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201005228983

More Internet contributions

Ferran Claudin i Botinas: On the Lake Tüttensee discussion.

Uli Schüssler: On the origin of the xifengite and gupeiite ferrosilicides.

Uli Schüssler: Nickel: The Chiemgau gupeiite, the North Haig ureilite meteorite, and the NWA 1241 ureilite meteorite.

Schryvers, D. and Raeymakers, B. (2005): EM characterisation of a potential meteorite sample, proceeding of EMC 2004, Vol. II, p. 859-860 (ed. D. Schryvers, J.P. Timmermans, G. Van Tendeloo). Abstract and Poster (2 MB) may be clicked!

CIRT contributions (oral, poster) to international and national conferences

Michael A. Rappenglück & Kord Ernstson: The Chiemgau crater strewn field (Southeast Bavaria, Germany): Evidence of a Holocene large impact event. – International Conference “100 years since Tunguska phenomenon: Past, present and future”. – June 26 – 28, 2008, Moscow (Russia).

Kord Ernstson & Michael A. Rappenglück: The Chiemgau crater strewnfield: Evidence of a Holocene large impact event in Southeast Bavaria, Germany. – International Scientific Conference “100 Years of the Tunguska Event”. – June 30 – July 6, 2008, Krasnoyarsk (Russia).

Barbara Rappenglück & Michael A. Rappenglück (for the Chiemgau Impact Research Team): The fall of Phaethon: Is this a geomyth reflecting an impact in Bavaria during the Celtic period? – 33rd International Geological Congress. Session: Myth and Geology. – August 5 – 14, 2008, Oslo (Norway).

Chiemgau Impact Research Team (CIRT): The Chiemgau Impact: An extraordinary case-study for the question of Holocene impacts and their cultural implications. SEAC (Société Européenne pour l’astronomie dans la culture) meeting (XVIth). – September 8-12, 2008, Granada (Spain).

Barbara and Michael Rappenglück: Does the myth of Phaethon reflect an impact? Revising the fall of Phaethon and considering a possible relation to the Chiemgau Impact.- International Conference on Archaeoastronomy, SEAC 14th 2006, 6-10 April, 2006, Rhodes, Greece.”Ancient watching of cosmic space and observation of astronomical phenomena “.

Uli Schüssler, Michael A. Rappenglück, Kord Ernstson, Werner Mayer & Barbara Rappenglück (2005): Das Impakt-Kraterstreufeld im Chiemgau. – Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1: 124.

Michael A. Rappenglück, Uli Schüssler, Werner Mayer & Kord Ernstson (2005): Sind die Eisensilizide aus dem Impakt-Kraterstreufeld im Chiemgau kosmisch? – Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1: 108

Articles in magazines and popular science journals, TV documentaries on the Chiemgau impact

Bild der Wissenschaft

PM History

Astronomy Online




Welt der Wunder

Spiegel TV


ZDF Terra X

Faszination Wissen des BR

ARTE Xenius

Invitations to lectures on the Chiemgau impact

Ernstson, K. (2005): Als der Himmel einstürzte: Der Chiemgau-Impakt in historischer Zeit. – Geowissenschaftliches Kolloquium, Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Kiel, 30.5.2005.

Rappenglück, M.A. (2005): “Wenn der Himmel auf die Erde fällt … Der Chiemgau-Impakt”. – 4.10. im Karlsgymnasium, Bad Reichenhall, Fachtagung der Oberbayerischen Geographie-Lehrer.

Schüssler, U. (2005): Das Impakt-Kraterfeld im Chiemgau. – 8. Internationale Meteoritenbörse, 7.-8. Mai 2005, Gifhorn.

Ernstson, K. (2006): Vortrag vor dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein Würzburg.

Rappenglück, M. und Ernstson, K. (2008): Berlin (Planetarium).

Ernstson, K. (2008): Altenberg (Bergisches Land; Verein für Landschaft und Geschichte e.V.).

Ernstson, K. (2008): Bad Mergentheim (Astronomische Vereinigung).

Rappenglück, M.A. (2009) Vortrag 19. Februar 2009; Fribourg/Freiburg (Schweiz). Organisation: SOCIETE FRIBOURGEOISE DES SCIENCES NATURELLES, FREIBURGER NATURFORSCHENDE GESELLSCHAFT